The European Fee on Wednesday proposed a brand new package deal of measures to strengthen the bloc’s method to authorized migration, after some 5 million Ukrainian refugees have entered the EU because the Russian invasion.
The purpose is just not solely to offer easier, authorized pathways for migrants and scale back unlawful migration but in addition to deal with labor shortages, particularly in sectors resembling healthcare. As for the Ukrainians who’ve come to the EU, and to whom the bloc has quickly supplied full rights, the Fee proposal features a pilot mission only for them.
On common “between two-and-a-half to 3 million authorized migrants yearly [arrive in] the European Union … in contrast with 150,000-200,000 that arrive irregularly,” Residence Affairs Commissioner Ylva Johansson mentioned whereas presenting the package deal at a press convention. “And we want them,” she added, due to labor shortages in lots of sectors. For instance, in line with the Fee, within the long-term care sector, there are anticipated to be as much as 7 million job openings for healthcare professionals and care staff by 2030.
The proposal goals to reform two items of current laws: The primary change pertains to the only allow that permits migrants to work and acquire residence. The method for getting this allow will likely be streamlined and shortened, the Fee mentioned, as time delays can deter employers from worldwide recruitment.
The second reform is for the long-term residence directive. Up to now, this has been underused and the brand new proposal would permit non-EU nationals to accumulate residence intervals in numerous member states with a view to meet the 5-year residence standards wanted to remain in the long run, in addition to enhancing the proper to household reunification.
The Fee plan additionally contains establishing a so-called EU Expertise Pool, an EU-wide platform to match employers with individuals who have the talents they’re unable to search out within the native labor market.
It additionally envisages a pilot scheme of the EU Expertise Pool only for Ukrainians. There are additionally plans to launch “expertise partnerships” with non-EU nations to enhance entry to work and coaching, in a bid to stop smuggling and likewise to enhance cooperation with nations on returns and readmissions of those that arrived illegally. The primary such partnerships are deliberate with North African nations, specifically Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt, by the top of the yr.
Authorized migration is a shared competence between the EU and member states. The most recent package deal of measures is a part of a reform of asylum guidelines throughout the EU that the Fee introduced in September 2020 — the so-called Migration Pact — however that has not been agreed amid deep divisions amongst member states. Nonetheless, Fee Vice President Margaritis Schinas, who was additionally on the rostrum Wednesday, mentioned this package deal does “not essentially” must be adopted similtaneously the opposite proposals on the desk.
Humanitarian organizations, employers associations and plenty of political events and figures on the left and heart proper welcomed the proposal. However on the similar time, “we don’t count on this authorized migration package deal to be the silver bullet that may deal with irregular migration general,” mentioned Jeroen Lenaers, an MEP from the conservative European Folks’s Get together, who additionally informed POLITICO he preferred many concepts within the package deal.
“Our greatest likelihood for a sturdy resolution is the migration pact is already within the arms of the co-legislators, and is the place we count on progress from the member states,” he mentioned.